It is essentialthat adequate travel insurance be taken out prior to departure. This guarantees emergency evacuation to the nearest hospital should you suffer either severe illness or injury. This does not cover the cost of treatment once in hospital, nor does it replace your normal travel insurance.
- For advice on Malaria prophylaxix and symptoms, please consult your doctor before you travel.
- Please ensure that innoculations for other tropical disesases such as cholera, typhoid, tetanus and hepatitis are up-to-date.
- A Yellow Fever vaccinationcertificateis required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from areas with risk of yellow fever transmission (check the internet for details). Travellers who transit in yellow fever endemic areas and spend 12 hours or more in the airport, or leave the airport at all, require a certificate.
- If you suffer from a medical condition, please ensure that you have enough drugs to last your trip.
PASSPORTS AND VISAS
- Passports are required by all foreign visitors and must be valid for 6 months after the intended length of stay. Please ensur e that you have sufficient blank VISA pages (not endorsement pages) in your passport, with at least two consecutive/side by side blank pages. Our recommendation is 3 pages (or even 4 if you are travelling through more than one country on your journey). If ther e is insufficient space in the passport then entry into a country could be denied.
- It is imperative to check visa requirements with the various country embassies/consulates before you travel as they may vary according to your nationality.
- Visas obtained at port of entry are payable in USD cash only and we recommend small dominations of dollars as officials are not in the position to give change.
FLIGHTS AND TRANSFERS
- Check-in is three hours prior to departure for intenational flights and one and a half hours for domestic flights.
- Many scheduled regional flights may involve multiple stops before reaching the final destination.
As you will be travelling in vehicles and small aircraft with limited luggage capacity, please pack your belongings in a soft bag. No hard suitcases will be allowed. The weight restriction is 15 kg per person for all domestic flights.
Tanzania is in the East Africa Time Zone which is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+3).
Tanzania’s geography is one of the most varied and unique in the world; it contains Africa’s
highest peak Mount Kilimanjaro
(5,895 m/19,341 ft), as well as lakes, mountains and many natural parks.The north-east of Tanzania is mountainous, and includes Mount Meru `and Mount Kilimanjaro. West of the mountains is Serengeti National Park, famous for its annual wildebeest migration. Close to the park lies Olduvai Gorge, where many of the oldest hominid fossils and artifacts have been found. Also in this northern area are a number of salt lakes i
ncluding Lake Natron- an important breeding site for flamingoes.Further west is Lake Victoria, which is the largest lake in Africa. Southwest of this, separating Tanzania from the Democratic Republic of Congo, is Lake Tanganyika; estimated to be the second oldest (and second deepest) lake in the world after Lake Baikal in Siberia.
The centre of Tanzania is a large plateau. The southern half of this plain is grassland, the majority of which is covered by the huge Selous National Park. Further north, the plateau is arable land where Tanzania’s capital, Dodoma, is located, although much of the government is still situated in Dar es Salaam.
The eastern coast of Tanzania is hot and humid, and contains Tanzania’s largest city and former capital, Dar es Salaam. Just north of Dar es Salaam lies the island of Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous territory of Tanzania which is famous for its spices. Its lesser-known sibling Pemba lies further to the north.
Tanzania has a pleasant tropical climate. The hottest and most humid part of the country is on the coast where temperatures can reach
35C+ during the hot season (November to March). Other low-lying areas, such as the western and southern parks, are also hot but much less humid. The rest of the interior is much milder and cools down significantly at night.Dry Season: June – October
– Afternoon temperatures are usually between 20°C/68°F and 30°C/86°F and vary greatly according to altitude and location. Most days have a fine, clear sky and sunny weather. It cools off at night; be sure to pack warm clothing because morning game drives in open vehicles will be cold- especially in the northern parks. These are the coldest and least humid months and the most pleasant time of the year to visit the coastal areas. There is very little rain in most of the country.Wet season
:November to May –
During most of the wet season, afternoon temperatures are more consistent throughout the country (a bit above or below 30°C/86°F) but will be colder above 1300m/4265ft. Morning temperatures are more moderate, but still cold in most northern parks due to the high altitude. It is advised to pack a windproof jacket and warm sweater for early morning game drives in open vehicles.
- November & December – ‘Short rains’ – A period of about a month of short rains which occurs sometime between November and December. Its timing is unpredictable and, in Northern Tanzania, it can even happen in October. The rains will rarely interfere with your safari.
- March, April & May – ‘Long rains’ – These are the wettest months. It tends to rain heavily almost every day, although not for the whole day. It is often cloudy, especially in the northern parks. Humidity tends to be high, especially in the hotter southern and western parks.
WHAT TO PACK
As a general guide, we recommend that you bring comfortable, casual wash-and-wear clothes on safari. Please note that muted colours are recommended for game-viewing. Game-drives are conducted in the early morning and late afternoon, which can be very cold, especially in winter.The most practical items to pack for safari are:
- Khaki, green, beige and neutral colours
- Shirts with long sleeves (even in summer, as protection from the sun and mosquitoes)
- T shirts
- Shorts or a light skirt
- Jeans or safari trousers for evenings and cooler days
- A jacket and sweater are recommended for early morning and evening game drives
- Lightweight water-proof jacket
- Swim and beachwear
- Comfortable walking shoes
- Sunscreen, sunglasses, hat, insect repellent, moisturizer and lip-salve are all essentials
- Binoculars and camera equipment
Although most hotels and lodges are equipped with a First Aid kit, we suggest that you bring a small airtight container with a few well- chosen articles, such as: plasters, travel sickness tablets, antiseptic cream, antihistamine cream, pain relief tablets, indigestion tablets, sunscreen, eye drops, insect repellent, medication for upset stomachs and after-sun moisturiser. We remind travellers who have any allergies i.e. insect stings, or an asthma condition, to pack the required medication.
Most dietary requirements can be catered for. Please advise us of any specific dietary requirements and these will be communi cated to all properties. Should you require kosher meals these will incur substantial additional costs as these meals are specially flown in. Two weeks prior notice is required for kosher meals.
230 Volts AC, 50hz. You will need a voltage converter and plug adapter in order to use U.S. appliances. We recommend getting a universal adapter and converter kit.Lodges in the more remote areas do not have electricity. These lodges generally rely on generator power for lighting and refrigeration but this power only runs at critical times of the day. Please be aware that you will not find a plug socket in your room/tent at many of these lodges
MONEY / LOCAL CURRENCY
- Banks and foreign exchange bureaux are available at all international airports and in all main towns.
- Most hotels and lodges accept Visa and MasterCard. The currency in Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TSH).
SHOPPING / BUSINESS OPENING TIMES
There are many beautiful items available to buy in Tanzania. These include: gems (e.g. Tanzanite), wooden carvings, soapstone
carvings, Tinga Tinga paintings, pottery and colourful fabrics (kangas, kitenges). Prices are often not marked and bartering is expected. Business hours in Tanzania are generally from 830am to 530pm Monday to Friday. Some businesses are also open on Saturday mornings. Bank opening hours are from 830am to 3pm.
Tanzania´s national language is Swahili. Nevertheless English is widely spoken in the tourist areas. Tanzania has 120 ethnic groups each with its own indigenous language. Some useful Swahili words include:
Hello – Jambo
Welcome – Karibu Please – Tafadhali Thank you – Asante How much? – Bei gani? Goodbye – Kwaheri
LOCAL COURTESIES / RELIGIONS
Traditional courtesies are a very important aspect in Tanzanian culture and polite greetings are expected and welcomed. Over 40% of the population is Muslim and therefore unsuitable clothing such as brief shorts or swimwear is not acceptable in towns and villages away from resorts. Covering of shoulders and legs, particularly for women, is strongly recommended.
Please be sure to bring sufficient memory cards and batteries as these are not readily available in Southern Africa. Please remember to ask permission before taking a photograph of indigenous peoples.
It is customary to tip 10% of the bill at all restaurants and 10% of the fare to taxi drivers. It is also the custom to tip local guides and drivers.
Guide USD 10/20 per couple per day
Camp staff USD 15 per couple per day
Tanzania’s public holidays are as follows
01 Jan – New Year’s Day
12 Jan – Zanzibar Revolutionary Day
15 Jan – The Prophet’s Birthday
7 Apr – Karume Day
18 Apr – Good Friday
21 Apr – Easter Monday
26 Apr – Union Day
1 May – International Workers’ Day
7 July – Saba Saba Day
8 Aug – Peasants’ Day
14 Oct – Julius Nyerere Day
9 Dec – Republic Day
25 Dec – Christmas Day
26 Dec – Boxing Day